Lower back pain is a painful experience that almost everyone has it at some point of time. Mostly, the lower back pain starts below the ribcage (lumbar region). Pain here many a times can be intense and the reason behind is wrong work style.
Lower back pain gets better on its own, if not, then effective treatment is also available. Exactly the place where lower back pain mostly occurs includes vertebrae in lumbar region which supports most of our upper body weight. The space between the vertebrae are maintained by round rubber like pads called intervertebral discs that behaves like a shock absorber throughout the spinal cord to cushion the bones during the body movement. Group of tissues (ligaments) holds the vertebrae and tendons attach the muscles to spinal cord. Group of nerves are rooted to these spinal cord and they control the body movement and transmit signals accordingly from the body to the brain.
Symptoms of Lower Back Pain
The symptoms of lower back pain ranges from dull ache to an unbearable or shooting sensation. This pain may effect it hard to movement or stand straight. Severe pain comes on suddenly, mostly after an injury received from sports or heavy object lifting. Continuous pain that last for more than three months is considered chronic.
Any injury to the back should be checked out by health specialists. Few warning signals include a loss of bowel control, numbness in the groin region, fever, leg weakness and pain while urinating or coughing. If experiencing any of these, consult your doctor immediately.
Causes of Lower Back Pain
- If your job include lifting, pulling etc., it can lead to back pain. Also, long hours sitting at a desk nowadays are seen main cause of pain.
- Heavy luggage including purse, backpack etc. on your shoulder can aggravate the pain as it is the lower back that supports your full body weight including the extra weight that you carry. Always prefer to use wheeled luggage.
- Over-activity in gym is becoming a common cause of lower back pain.
- Wrong sitting and standing posture- remember, during childhood, elders pointed out “sit straight” or “stand-up straight”. One should sit with a good lumbar support for lower back, shoulders back and feet resting on low stool. While standing, keep body weight balanced on both feet.
- Our vertebrae are cushioned by disc that are prone to tear due to injury or aging. Ruptured disc puts pressure on spinal nerve, causing herniated disc, finally to lower back pain.
- Spondylitis (chronic pain due to severe inflammation of spinal joints) and fibromyalgia (muscle aches) also causes lower back pain.
Who suffers most?
During 30s, most of us experience this pain for first time. Most of the overweight, physical inactive and in job heavy lifters experience this back pain severely.
Home care/remedies for Lower Back Pain
- Heating pads or warm water bath may give relief from pain.
- In lower back muscle pain, doctor recommends not to break your daily normal activities. Studies suggest that bed rest of more than a day or two can worsen your pain and reduce muscle flexibility.
- Yoga can also cure the back pain. Its benefit in back pain lasts several months after the yoga classes were finished.
- Massage combined with exercise and stretching may relieve lower back pain.
- People with long lasting back pain showed improvement with acupuncture too.
- Doctors may recommend you for surgery if long lasting pain still persists even after applying all treatments. Depending on reason of pain, surgeon may remove a herniated disc, widen the space around the spinal cord and fuse two spinal vertebrae together.
Avoid Lower Back Pain
Few steps to take care to avoid lower back pain include – maintain healthy body weight; exercise regularly; always lift with your legs, not your back; in your work place, make sure your work station position is not contributing to your pain.