The time spent by women sitting at work is positively associated with increased obesity and risk of type 2 diabetes. A higher incidence of diabetes is noted among women, who work for more than 40 hours per week compared to those working for fewer hours. Long working hours may lead to chronic stress and hence there is increase of hormonal abnormalities and insulin resistance in the body.
Compared to men women have more household responsibilities outside of work and may have fewer hours to dedicate to physical exercise and nutrition. This may increase the stress levels and may have less time, which they may otherwise focus on healthy meal preparation, exercise, proper sleep, and stress reduction. We can assume that working long hours can have an adverse effect on health on women. Scientists noted that working long had shown an increase in woman's risk to diabetes by 63%. The study claims that working for long hours causes people to eat unhealthy food.
To prevent this lifestyle disease importance of physical activity should be emphasized on working women who hardly get time to exercise due to their busy and hectic schedule. Weight loss and increased physical activity can significantly decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Researchers also advises working women, especially those who may be overweight or not very physically active, to get a checkup from a healthcare professional. Lifestyle changes which include proper nutrition, adequate exercise, appropriate dietary management and weight reduction and maintenance are quite essential in decreasing the development of diabetes related complications in working women. These methods provide a simple, cost effective means of improvement in insulin sensitivity and reducing glucose and lipid levels and ultimately successfully treating and managing diabetes.