Vitamin D deficiency is common in all sections of people, but studies reveal that high the prevalence of Vitamin-D deficiency in women. Vitamin D deficiency in Indian women is being highlighted recently. The causes for this deficiency seem to be multifactorial which includes sun exposure index, family income, skin type, dietary phytate and calcium and low intake of Vitamin-D from the diet. Prenatal Vitamin-D deficiency has been proposed as a possible risk factor for the development of diabetes Type 1.
Vitamin D plays a vital role in the normal functioning of the immune system and hence it can prevent as well as treat immune disorder such as diabetes. Also, it stimulates the production of insulin from insulin-producing cells in the pancreas and reduces insulin resistance. For example, as we require a bit salt and fat for survival, we also need the sun in moderation, as sun exposure is our best source of Vitamin-D. It is a documented fact that sunlight is necessary for human survival. But Indian woman thinks that exposure to sunlight is bad and will ruin their complexion, as per we are near to the equator. Exposure to sunlight is the main source of Vitamin-D. The effect of Vitamin D in reducing the diabetes risk in women may need the higher dose of Vitamin-D. Exposure to sun implies greater outdoor physical activity which has a beneficial effect on insulin.
Women with lower levels of Vitamin-D are found to have higher blood sugar levels, especially who are pre-diabetic. As per the studies, women from lower socioeconomic groups have this deficiency. Also, menopausal women this deficiency and are at high risk of bone damage. Supplement of Vitamin D may prevent diabetes among the Indian women. Food sources of Vitamin D like eggs, mushroom, seafood could be included in the diet.
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