Diabetes seems to be present everywhere and is steadily increasing its presence (Bernstein, Richard K, 2011). There are 2 types of diabetes. The first is Type-1 diabetes Mellitus. People with Type 1 diabetes usually have no option but to take insulin shots, as in these cases the pancreas does not produce any (Max L. Fields,2006). It has been said that insulin is the most effective but most underused therapy for Type 2 diabetes.
It’s known that insulin can't be orally taken to lower the blood sugar as the stomach enzymes will break down the insulin, preventing its action. It has to be received either through injections or an insulin pump. Recently researchers and scientists found a way to deliver insulin orally. They have created a pill which could radically alter the way diabetics keep their blood sugar levels in check. This has proved to be the “boon” for diabetes treatment. By using the oral administration of insulin for up to 40 million people living with Type-1 diabetes could reduce the need for painful injections once or twice a day. Also the pill could ease many of the disease’s critical side effects that result from patients avoiding insulin therapy, which is administered from an injection.
However, there is no oral insulin delivery product is currently available in the market. The new method is to carry insulin in an ionic liquid comprised of choline and geranic acid which is put inside a capsule with an acid-resistant enteric coating. If all goes well and looking at the cost of manufacturing the drug, more patients would prefer the pill over injection. This might also pave way for oral delivery of other proteins to replace the needle. It could also relieve the unpleasant effects of taking injections over long period of time and relieve the patients going through the painful method of injecting insulin to their body.