New technologies offer more flexibility in both the form and place of work. Numerous studies have demonstrated that employees who are expected to work very long hours (for e.g.: more than 60 hours per week) frequently suffer from stress, anxiety and depression. There has been a widespread concern that working hours are increasing in various countries and hence these increases are associated with reductions in health and well being.
Diabetes management and its outcomes are mainly affected by the lifestyle exercised by the diabetes. Diabetes has significant impact on different facets of life. Modern society is also changing very rapidly and is evolving into a 24 hour society – a social organization where time constraints no longer limit human activities. As a consequence people want to able to do everything at any hour of the day or night. Hence working hours are extended to evening and night hours as well as to weekend and hours of duty have become more and more variable.
Only a third of the working population is now working in the so called normal day work. While a vast majority are engaged on non standard working hours including shift and night work, weekend work on call work etc. Shift work and particularly night time shift work has been associated with a number of physical ailments. Research has found that light suppresses the secretion of melatonin which is associated with drowsiness and lowering of body temperature. Shift work also contributes to the development of cardiac risk factors and other metabolic disorders, including elevated blood pressure and glucose, all of which result in diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Long working hours has a significant effect on increasing insulin resistance and predisposing the person to develop obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes. It has profound effects on four major spheres of the person’s life namely Basic biological functions, work ability social relationships and psychophysical health conditions. Company can recommend workers for healthier eating in the workplace and give suitable suggestions for controlling obesity. Develop a diabetes prevention and management program fir the employees. This way company can save lot money on medical expenses while greatly increasing the health and morale of employees with diabetes.
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