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Health Effects of Obesity - How Overweight can Cause Diseases

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Obesity is increasing at alarming rates in our society. Obesity is defined as an abnormal increase of fat in the subcutaneous connective tissue (Evelyn B. Kelly, 2006). World Health Organization (WHO), a group which monitors the health of all nations, terms it as a “rising epidemic”. Obesity is tied to a higher risk of mortality, a connection that grows stronger with age as reported in an analysis from Columbia University. Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventative deaths, contributing to approximately 300,000 deaths annually.

Health Effects of Obesity – How Overweight can Cause Diseases

Overweight is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 29.9 kg/m2 and obesity is defined as a BMI of ≥ 30 kg/m2. However, overweight and obesity are not mutually exclusive; since obese persons are also overweight (National Institute of Health, 1998). Obesity or overweight can be caused by a range of factors like genetics, pregnancy, lack of Sleep, junk and fast food, certain medications and a sedentary lifestyle. Unhealthy snacks are rampant in today’s society because they are easily available and cheap. Apparently, hardly a few people are keen to take time from their hectic lives to whisk up something healthy themselves.

When you are overweight or obese, you are at increased risk for developing High blood pressure, Hyperlipidemia, High blood sugar (Hyperglycemia), Type-2 diabetes, Osteoarthritis (Joint pain), Obstructive Sleep apnea, Metabolic syndrome and Heart disease. It can also increase your risk of developing certain forms of cancer, including breast, colon, gallbladder and prostate cancer. As per the study led by Majid Ezzati, the professor at the School of Public Health, Imperial College London, reports that “by 2025 global obesity occurrence will reach 18% in men and surpass 21% in women”.

Overweight or obese people are likely to experience mental health disorders such as depression and severe anxiety. They are likely to be bullied and may have high chances of social isolation which could reduce personal confidence and self-esteem. Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death and disability globally. Overweight also contributes to angina (chest pain caused by decreased oxygen to the heart). Obesity influences the body’s ability to generate insulin.

Life is easier these days, increased mechanization limits physical work and the study of 1995 study; 10% of people who have mild obesity would try to lose weight on their own have binge eating disorder. activity. Hence individuals are trapped in sedentary routines at school or at work, riding a car or in front of a computer. This inactivity promotes obesity. As per


As per Evelyn B. Kelly (2006), losing weight is the most effective method of treatment for obesity-related diseases can be achieved through successful weight management. You do not have to reach your weight loss goal to begin experiencing the health benefits of weight loss. To lose just five to 10 percent of your excess body weight can result in lasting changes to your health and wellness level.

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